Mozambique is a scenic country in southeastern Africa, rich in natural resources, biologically and culturally diverse, and with a tropical climate. Its extensive coastline, fronting the Mozambique Channel, which separates mainland Africa from the island of Madagascar, offers some of Africa’s best natural harbours. These have allowed Mozambique to play an important role in the maritime economy of the Indian Ocean, while the country’s white sand beaches are an important attraction for the growing tourism industry. Fertile soils in the northern and central areas of Mozambique have yielded a varied and abundant agriculture, and the great Zambezi River has provided ample water for irrigation and the basis for a regionally important hydroelectric power industry.

Country information

  • Long name: Republic of Mozambique
  • Region: Sub-Saharan Africa
  • Population: 29.5 million
  • Area: 812,379 sq km (313,661 sq miles) – almost 25% larger than France or almost twice the size of California or Iraq
  • Coastline: 2,470 km – longer than Lisbon to Berlin
political and administrative map of mozambique
Relative size of Mozambique
  • Capital – Maputo, the commercial and cultural center of the country. Other major cities and towns, most of which lie on or near the Indian Ocean coast, include Beira, Quelimane, Chimoio, Tete, Nampula, and Nacala
  • Languages: the official language is Portuguese, but only for a tiny fraction of the population, it is spoken as a lingua franca by some two-fifths of the country’s inhabitants. Portuguese speakers are strongly concentrated in the capital of Maputo and other urban areas. The vast majority of Mozambicans speak languages from the Bantu branch of the Niger-Congo language group, including several indigenous languages, such as Makhuwa
  • Major religions: Christianity, indigenous beliefs, Islam
  • Currency: Mozambican metical
  • Economy: Mozambique’s economic freedom score is 48.6, making its economy the 163rd freest in the 2019 Index. The country is ranked 40th among 47 countries in the Sub-Saharan Africa region, and its overall score is well below the regional and world averages.
    Mozambique has an unsustainable external debt burden.
  • GDP: The Gross Domestic Product (GDP) in Mozambique was worth 14.46 billion US dollars in 2018. The GDP value of Mozambique represents 0.02 percent of the world economy. GDP in Mozambique averaged 6.83 USD Billion from 1980 until 2018, reaching an all time high of 16.96 USD Billion in 2014 and a record low of 2.09 USD Billion in 1988.
  • Budget: Mozambique recorded a Government Budget deficit equal to 4.60 percent of the country’s Gross Domestic Product in 2018. Government Budget in Mozambique averaged -4.38 percent of GDP from 2000 until 2018, reaching an all time high of -1.10 percent of GDP in 2006 and a record low of -7.10 percent of GDP in 2015.
  • Government Accounting Concept: Budgetary central government
  • 2019 Presidential election 2019: The ruling party FRELIMO held its congress on 6 May, at which it confirmed its decision to support the re-election of President Filipe Nyussi for a second and final term. General elections were held in Mozambique on 15 October 2019, with Filipe Nyusi declared the winner, despite widespread accusations of voter intimidation and fraud.
  • On 15 January 2020 Filipe Nyusi was sworn in for a second term as the President of Mozambique.

Source: World Bank; UC Global Program; Trading Economics.


o Ministry of Mineral Resources and Energy –
o Ministry of Defense –
o Ministry of Economy and Finance –
o Ministry of Health –
o Ministry of Culture and Tourism –
o Ministry of Science and Technology –
o Ministry of Industry & Commerce –
o Ministry of Interior –

• International Civil Aviation Organization (ICAO) –

• Action Aid International –
• Africar –
• Aga Khan Foundation –
• Amnesty International –
• Japan International Cooperation Agency –
• CARE International –
• Caritas Mocambicana
• Concern Worldwide –
• Dorcas Aid International –
• Habitat para a Huminidade –
• HALO Trust –
• Handicap International –
• Heifer Project International Inc. –
• HelpAge International –
• The Hunger Project –
• Inter SOS –
• Oxfam –
• Pathfinder International –
• Rede Crista Contra HIV/Sida
• SADC – Southern African Development Community –
• Samaritan Purse –
• Save the Children –
• Skillshare International
• Transparency International –
• VSO – Voluntary Service Overseas –
• World Rehabilitation Fund –
• World Relief –
• World Vision –